Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner

On my first couple of days at teaching, I introduced my students to multiple intelligences to let them know that there are different ways to learn. I let them know that some of them learn by touching (i.e., manipulatives), while some of them learn by hearing (direct instruction), while still others learn by seeing (visually).

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I also told them about learning through music and art. I told them about teaching Phillise our phone number by singing it. It is a theory developed by psychologist Howard Gardner, that describes an array of different kinds of “intelligences” exhibited by human beings. Gardner suggests that each individual manifests varying levels of these different intelligences, and thus each person has a unique “cognitive profile.” The theory was first laid out in Gardner’s 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, and has been further refined in subsequent years.

Here are the categories:

  • Bodily-Kinesthetic- Good with movement. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include athletes, dancers, actors, builders and artisans.
  • Interpersonal- Good with people. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include politicians, managers, teachers, social workers and diplomats.
  • Linguistic- Good with languages. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include writers, lawyers, philosophers, politicians and teachers.
  • Logical-Mathematical- Good with math. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include scientists, mathematicians, engineers, doctors and economists.
  • Naturalistic- Good with things concerning nature. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include scientists, naturalists, conservationists, gardeners and farmers.
  • Intrapersonal- Good with knowing self. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include philosophers, psychologists, theologians, writers and scientists.
  • Spatial- Careers which suit those with this intelligence include artists, engineers, and architects.
  • Musical- Good with music. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include musicians, singers, conductors, and composers.
  • Other intelligences- Good with asking and/or questioning spiritual things. Other intelligences have been suggested or explored by Gardner and his colleagues, including spiritual, existential and moral intelligence.

I was trying to sum this information, but it is such good information that I really didn’t feel I could do this justice, so here is the Wikipedia link if you would like to read more about it: http://en.wikipedia.org


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2 Responses

  1. Thanks for a nice and concise summary of important information. This information should never be far from our minds when we are teaching.

  2. I definitely agree. Don’t make lesson plans without it.

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